The Hindu Vocab (Lead Article – A healthy ‘White Paper’ beginning) – 12 August, 2021

  1. Erudite (adjective) – well informed, well versed; wise, sagacious.
  2. Steer (verb) – guide, direct, lead, marshal.
  3. Unveil (verb) – present, disclose, make public.
  4. Fiscal (noun) – financial.
  5. Perhaps (adverb) – maybe, possibly.
  6. Laudable (adjective) – praiseworthy, commendable, admirable.
  7. Lowdown (noun) – the whole story, the facts.
  8. Consolidated (verb) – combined.
  9. Onerous (adjective) – burdensome, difficult, tough, troublesome, stressful.
  10. Pull out (phrasal verb) – withdraw, remove, get out.
  11. Dire (adjective) – terrible, dreadful, appalling, awful, horrible, shocking, outrageous.
  12. Make worse (phrase) – worsen, aggravate, exacerbate, compound.
  13. Surmise (verb) – assume, conjecture, suppose.
  14. Be easier said than done (phrase) – used to say that something sounds like a good idea in theory, but it would be very difficult to do.
  15. Beholden (adjective) – indebted, obligated, under an obligation, duty-bound.
  16. Cess (noun) – a form of tax charged/levied over and above the base tax liability of a taxpayer. A cess is usually imposed additionally when the state or the central government looks to raise funds for specific purposes.
  17. Levy (verb) – impose, charge (a tax, fee, fine).
  18. Allude to (verb) – refer to, mention, speak briefly of, imply.
  19. Author (verb) – create, devise, formulate.
  20. Acknowledge (verb) – accept, recognize, realize.
  21. Untapped (adjective) – dormant, inactive, unused/not yet exploited.
  22. Vociferously (adverb) – vigorously, outspokenly, vehemently, forcefully, forthrightly.
  23. Devolution (noun) – decentralization, delegation, distribution, pride/morale.
  24. Tout (verb) – endorse, praise, recommend, support.
  25. Owe (verb) – be under an obligation to, be obligated to, be beholden to.
  26. Robust (adjective) – strong, vigorous, powerful.
  27. Infrastructure (noun) – the basic physical or organisational structure for something (to function properly).
  28. Illustrate (verb) – explain, elucidate, clarify.
  29. Garner (verb) – get, gain, obtain, acquire.
  30. On one’s own (phrase) – alone, all alone, by oneself, all by oneself, independently, single-handedly.
  31. Regime (noun) – system.
  32. Disinvestment (noun) – the lessening or reduction of an investment.
  33. Over the long run (phrase) – eventually.
  34. Dent (verb) – damage, impair, cripple, erode, weaken, undermine.
  35. Call for (phrasal verb) – require, publicly ask/necessitate, demand.
  36. Propel (verb) – spur, drive, prompt.
  37. Incur (verb) – induce, cause, give rise to, bring on.
  38. A bit (phrase) – rather, a little, fairly, somewhat, relatively.
  39. Drastically (adverb) – substantially, seriously, desperately.
  40. Ravage (verb) – devastate, ruin, destroy, wreak havoc on, damage.
  41. Exacerbate (verb) – intensify, increase, heighten, aggravate, worsen, compound.
  42. Far more (phrase) – a lot more, much more.
  43. Well-to-do (adjective) – wealthy, rich, affluent.
  44. Tide over (phrasal verb) – sustain; support, assist, aid (someone in difficulty with money, food, etc.).
  45. Precarious (adjective) – risky, dangerous, unsafe; hazardous, perilous, unreliable.
  46. Time-tested (adjective) – established.
  47. Deft (adjective) – skilful, adept, expert, experienced.
  48. Bugbear (noun) – bane, irritant, irritation, dislike, anathema, aversion, vexation.
  49. Fruition (noun) – realization, achievement, accomplishment/completion.
  50. Viability (noun) – ability, practicality, feasibility (to work successfully).
  51. Ironically (adverb) – paradoxically, unexpectedly, strangely.
  52. Leap of faith (phrase) – blindly going into or doing something with an belief that it is correct or will work.
  53. Torchbearer (noun) – advocate, proponent, promoter.
  54. Inclusive (adjective) – all-inclusive, comprehensive.
  55. Copious (adjective) – abundant, plentiful, ample, extensive, considerable, substantial.
  56. Articulate (verb) – announce, express, pronounce, point out.
  57. Aberration (noun) – anomaly, deviation, divergence, abnormality, oddity, abnormality, eccentricity.
  58. Veer (verb) – change, deviate, diverge.
  59. Arduous (adjective) – difficult, taxing, onerous, laborious, back-breaking.
  60. Showcase (verb) – display, exhibit, unveil, show to the public.
  61. In the pink (phrase) – in very good condition/health; very well.

Source : The Hindu Newspaper || Editorial Link

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