The Hindu Vocab (Lead Article – A pragmatic Afghan behind the religious garb?) – 24 August, 2021

  1. Pragmatic (adjective) – practical, realistic, sensible, rational, reasonable.
  2. Garb (noun) – an outward appearance, form, guise.
  3. As and when (phrase) – at the time when (something occurs).
  4. Consolidate (verb) – strengthen, reinforce, fortify.
  5. Personnel (noun) – workforce, staff, team, force, organization.
  6. Ensue (verb) – occur, happen, take place, develop, come after (as a result of something).
  7. Composition (noun) – structure, formation, organization.
  8. Let out (phrasal verb) – allow, permit, empower, enable, entitle
  9. Loosen up (phrasal verb) – relax, ease off, become less strict/rigid.
  10. Convulse (verb) – cause to make sudden & irregular movements (uncontrollably/violently); shake up, agitate, disturb/bother, unsettle (uncontrollably).
  11. Savagely (adverb) – viciously, brutally, cruelly.
  12. Fortnight (noun) – a period of two weeks/fourteen days continuously.
  13. Pointer (noun) – indication, hint/signal, suggestion.
  14. Avatar (noun) – type, case, epitome.
  15. Whirlwind (noun as modifier) – rapid, fast-track, accelerated, sudden, swift, fast, quick.
  16. Barbaric (adjective) – cruel, savage, vicious, ruthless, brutal.
  17. Entity (noun) – organization, body, institution, establishment.
  18. Up in the air (phrase) – uncertain, unknown, undetermined, unsettled, unresolved.
  19. Dispensation (noun) – arrangement, organization, system.
  20. Devastated (adjective) – destroyed, ruined, ravaged.
  21. Impoverished (adjective) – weakened, exhausted, drained, diminished, depleted.
  22. Oppress (verb) – persecute, abuse, ill-treat.
  23. Sanctuary (noun) – safety, protection, shelter.
  24. Crazed (adjective) – mad, wild, raving.
  25. Enterprise (noun) – business, activity/affair, pursuit, proceeding.
  26. Come to an end (phrase) – finish, stop, to reach an end.
  27. Over-play one’s hand (phrase) – used to emphasize that someone’s overconfidence in his/her ability or position will spoil his/her chance of success.
  28. Massacre (verb) – kill (many people).
  29. Retaliation (noun) – revenge, vengeance, counter-attack.
  30. Revert to (verb) – return, go back.
  31. Primordial (adjective) – ancient, earliest, primitive.
  32. Consequence (noun) – outcome, ramification, repercussion.
  33. Inhibit (verb) – hinder, restrain, prevent.
  34. Disintegration (noun) – breakdown, fragmentation, collapse.
  35. Apparatus (noun) – structure, system, framework, organization.
  36. Melt away (phrasal verb) – vanish, disappear, fade away.
  37. Equip (verb) – prepare, enable, facilitate (for a particular task/situation).
  38. Prop up (phrasal verb) – support financially, fund, finance.
  39. In retrospect (phrase) – looking back, thinking back, on reflection, on re-examination.
  40. Amidst (preposition) – amid, in the middle of; during.
  41. Bewilderment (noun) – bafflement, confusion, perplexity.
  42. Unfold (verb) – happen, occur, take place, transpire.
  43. Build up (phrasal verb) – strengthen, increase, improve, augment, raise, intensify.
  44. Frenzied (adjective) – intense, wildly excited, uncontrolled, hyperactive.
  45. Denouement (noun) – the end result of a situation; the very end of a story; outcome, consequence, end result, ending, climax.
  46. Characteristic (noun) – quality, attribute, feature.
  47. Warfare (noun) – war, fighting, combat, armed conflict.
  48. Carry out (phrasal verb) – conduct, perform, execute, bring about.
  49. So long as (phrase) – provided that.
  50. Feasible (adjective) – practicable, viable, realistic.
  51. Nebulous (adjective) – ill-defined, unclear, uncertain, indefinite.
  52. Amongst (preposition) – between, with one another, together.
  53. Populace (noun) – population, inhabitants, people/public.
  54. Operationalisation (noun) – the process of causing something into operation.
  55. Clan (noun) – group of families, large family, group, set, circle, coterie.
  56. Mighty (adjective) – dominant, strong, powerful.
  57. Down the ages (phrase) – the entire past.
  58. Overwhelmingly (adverb) – with a great majority; to a very great degree.
  59. Pull out (phrasal verb) – withdraw, remove, get out.
  60. Unilaterally (adverb) – used to indicate something done by a person/country without approval/agreement from other people/countries involved in the situation.
  61. Hold out (phrasal verb) – resist, withstand, hold off, stand firm against.
  62. Ammunition (noun) – bullets, shells, projectiles, missiles, bombs.
  63. Warlord (noun) – warlord is a military leader who exercise military, economic, and political control over a sub-national territory/a country when the government is weak.
  64. Inaction (noun) – inactivity, negligence, disregard.
  65. Versed (adjective) – experienced, skilled, knowledgeable about, well informed.
  66. Viciousness (noun) – aggressive/violent behaviour.
  67. Accommodation (noun) – adjustment, adaptation, arrangement, understanding, settlement.
  68. Abject (adjective) – miserable, hopeless, stark, awful/woeful, appalling.
  69. Open up (phrasal verb) – make/become accessible; make/become available.
  70. Prospect (noun) – chance, possibility.
  71. Humiliation (noun) – embarrassment, disgrace, dishonour, shame.
  72. Mutilation (noun) – disfigurement, dismembering.
  73. Execution (noun) – killing, hanging, putting to death.
  74. Adherent (noun) – follower, supporter, advocate.
  75. Hold-out (noun) – arbitrator, mediator, middle person, moderator.
  76. Pacify (verb) – appease, assuage, conciliate.
  77. Precarious (adjective) – risky, dangerous, unsafe; hazardous, perilous, unreliable.
  78. Collateral (adjective) – incidental, accidental, unintended, resultant.
  79. Fled (Past of flee) – (verb) – escape from, run away from, leave hastily, take flight, abscond.
  80. Refugee (noun) – displaced person, asylum seeker, exile, deportee, stateless person, émigré.
  81. Faction (noun) – group, section, division (within a larger group).
  82. Disincentive (noun) – deterrent, discouragement, counterincentive.
  83. Pacification (noun) – reconciliation, compromise, settlement, appeasement.
  84. Sheer (adjective) – complete, absolute, total.
  85. Telephony (noun) – the operation/use of telephones.
  86. Pump into (phrasal verb) – invest a lot of money in something.
  87. Elite (noun) – high society people; the group of most powerful people in a society; best.
  88. Offspring (noun) – children; descendants, heirs, successors.
  89. Grandee (noun) – important person, vip, very important person, public figure.
  90. Exile (noun) – banishment, expulsion, deportation; a person who lives away from his/her native country.
  91. Bound to (adjective) – certain, sure, very likely, guaranteed.
  92. Hold someone to account (phrase) – to require a person to explain or to accept responsibility for his or her actions; to blame or punish someone for what has occurred.
  93. Resort to (noun) – use, utilization, recourse.
  94. In a hurry (phrase) – in a rushed/quick/hurried manner.
  95. Clamour (verb) – demand, call, scream, yell.
  96. Keen (adjective) – enthusiastic, determined, passionate, wholehearted.
  97. Consideration (noun) – factor, point, concern, matter, element, aspect.
  98. Come into play (phrase) – become effective/active.
  99. Go about (phrasal verb) – begin, embark on, make a start on, undertake.
  100. Stifle (verb) – constrain, restrain, prevent, hamper, impede.
  101. Antagonise (verb) –make hostile/make unfriendly; alienate, estrange.
  102. Semi-literate (noun) – poorly educated.
  103. Lay down (phrasal verb) – formulate, frame, draw up.
  104. Parasite (noun) – an animal or plant that lives in or on another animal or plant and gets food or protection from it.
  105. Rational (adjective) – logical, well reasoned, sensible, reasonable.
  106. Fanatic (noun) – extremist, militant, dogmatist.
  107. Lurk (verb) – hide, conceal, keep out of sight.

Source : The Hindu Newspaper

Read Here : Editorial Link

Read : The Hindu Editorial Vocab (Bonding rites) 24 August, 2021

Read : The Hindu Editorial Vocab (Staying invested) – 24 August, 2021

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