The Hindu Vocab (Lead Article – The ugly face of a crime-fighting move) – 25 August, 2021

  1. Prying (adjective) – interfering, meddling, snoopy, inquisitive.
  2. Empower (verb) – enable, equip, give the power to.
  3. Facilitate (verb) – make possible, enable, assist, promote, encourage.
  4. Intrusive (adjective) – intruding, interfering, unwanted, unwelcome; annoying, irritating, interrupting, disturbing.
  5. Algorithm (noun) – the list of instructions and rules that a computer needs to do to complete a task.
  6. Cheekbone (noun) – the two bones in your face just below your eyes.
  7. Contour (noun) – outline, shape, form.
  8. Mugshot (noun) – a photograph of a person’s face taken by the police.
  9. Likelihood (noun) – probability, chance, prospect, possibility.
  10. Watch list (noun) – a list of people kept under surveillance, especially because they are suspected of crime.
  11. Ethnic (adjective) – relating to a population subgroup (cultural, national, traditional/folk) with a common national or cultural tradition.
  12. Arbitrary (adjective) – whimsical, capricious, random, casual, unreasonable, irrational; imperious, domineering, high-handed.
  13. Unconstitutional (adjective) – undemocratic, autocratic, dictatorial, totalitarian.
  14. Proportionate (adjective) – relevant, appropriate, applicable; in accordance with, consistent with, commensurate.
  15. Deployment (noun) – implementation.
  16. Dissent (verb) – disagree with, fail to agree with, refuse to support, object to, dispute, challenge.
  17. Regulate (verb) – fix, set right, overhaul, fine-tune, make good.
  18. Racial profiling (noun) – the act of suspecting, targeting or discriminating against a person on the basis of their ethnicity or religion, rather than on individual suspicion.
  19. Explicitly (adverb) – clearly, unequivocally, understandably, without question/doubt.
  20. Bench (noun) – a court of law with a number of judges.
  21. Absolute (adjective) – unconditional, unlimited, unrestricted, unrestrained.
  22. In respect of (phrase) – with respect to; concerning, regarding.
  23. Ground (noun) – reason, cause, basis, factor.
  24. Integrity (noun) – unity, cohesion, undividedness, togetherness, solidarity.
  25. Reiterate (verb) – repeat, say again, restate.
  26. Encroachment (noun) – intrusion into, trespass on, invasion of.
  27. Legality (noun) – lawfulness, legitimacy, validity.
  28. In terms of (phrase) – with regard to, regarding/concerning, in connection with.
  29. Measure (noun) – action, step, procedure.
  30. Rational (adjective) – logical, well reasoned, sensible, reasonable.
  31. Nexus (noun) – connection, link.
  32. Means (noun) – way, method, mode.
  33. Pursue (verb) – engage in, conduct, take part in, take up (an activity).
  34. Stem from (phrasal verb) – originate from, arise/come from, emanate from.
  35. Statutory (adjective) – legitimate; required by statute.
  36. Enactment (noun) – validation, approval, endorsement, ratification (of a legislation).
  37. Offender (noun) – criminal, wrongdoer/evil-doer, culprit.
  38. Executive (adjective) – relating to the executive branch of government.
  39. Grossly (adverb) – flagrantly, unacceptably; extremely, excessively.
  40. Disproportionate (adjective) – inordinate, excessive, uncalled for, unreasonable, unfair.
  41. Outweigh (verb) – be greater than; take priority over, prevail over; offset, cancel out.
  42. Fiendish (adjective) – complicatedly, intricately, perplexingly, challengingly.
  43. Do more harm than good (phrase) – worsen, compound, escalate, aggravate, exacerbate, make matters worse.
  44. Profile (verb) – describe.
  45. Over-represented (adjective) – forming a disproportionately large percentage; represented disproportionately.
  46. Anonymity (noun) – a condition of being unknown; a situation where the acting person’s name is unknown or not given.
  47. Unregulated (adjective) – unrestricted, unchecked, uncontrollable.
  48. Dis-incentivize (verb) – discourage, prevent, stop.
  49. Activism (noun) – involvement; campaigning/supporting (to cause political or social change).
  50. Senate (noun) – the upper house or chamber in some bicameral legislative systems. (for example in the us).
  51. Watchdog (noun) – a person or organization that monitors/inspects/supervises others’ activities/conducts. Inspector/supervisor, observer, ombudsman.
  52. Call for (phrasal verb) – require, publicly ask/necessitate, demand.
  53. Thereunder (adverb) – in agreement with the thing mentioned.
  54. Infringe (verb) – transgress, breach, contravene, disobey, break.
  55. In the name of (phrase) – for the sake of, at the behest of.
  56. Sovereignty (noun) – sovereignty means the independent authority of the state, not being subject to the control of any other state or external power; independent authority/control, self-government, self-rule.
  57. Exempt (verb) – free from, not liable to, not subject to (an obligation); release, exclude.
  58. Dissuasive (adjective) – deterring, warning, discouraging, dissuading, cautionary.
  59. Deterrent (noun) – a person/thing that discourages an action and makes it difficult to do.
  60. In sum (phrase) – in short, briefly, in a nutshell.
  61. Oversight (noun) – supervision, surveillance, superintendence, inspection.
  62. In the interests of (phrase) – for the benefit of.
  63. Authoritarian (adjective) – oppressive, draconian, undemocratic, dictatorial, totalitarian.
  64. Moratorium (noun) – a temporary suspension/postponement of activity (for example; payment of a debt).
  65. God speed (exclamation) – good fortune; success.

Source : The Hindu Newspaper

Read Here : Editorial Link

Read : The Hindu Editorial Vocab (In free fall) 25 August, 2021

Read : The Hindu Editorial Vocab (Caste counts) 25 August, 2021

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