The Hindu Vocab (Lead Article – Fathoming serosurvey data, with caution) – August 03, 2021

  1. Fathom (verb) – understand, comprehend, discern, assimilate, absorb.
  2. Serosurvey (noun) – collection and testing of serum (or proxy such as oral fluid) specimens from a sample of a
    defined population over a specified period of time to estimate the prevalence of antibodies against a given
    specific infectious pathogen as an indicator of immunity.
  3. Serology (noun) – a method of diagnostic examination of blood serum concerning the immune system’s response to pathogens (the pathogen is something, like bacteria/virus, that causes disease). (serum is an amber (yellowish-orange), watery fluid, rich in proteins, obtained from blood…).
  4. Serology survey (noun) – a serological survey is conducted to assess the prevalence of a disease in a population. It is done by detecting the presence of specific antibodies that are produced against the virus.
  5. Seroprevalence (noun) – the number of persons in a population who test positive for a specific disease based on serology (blood serum) specimens.
  6. Reassuring (adjective) – encouraging, comforting, soothing, heartening.
  7. Consequence (noun) – outcome, ramification, repercussion.
  8. Seropositivity (noun) – the quality or state of being seropositive, of having blood serum that tests positive for a given pathogen (a bacteria/virus that causes disease).
  9. Likelihood (noun) – probability, chance, prospect, possibility.
  10. Wane (verb) – decrease, decline, diminish/dwindle gradually.
  11. Lead to (verb) – result in, cause, bring on.
  12. Subsequently (adverb) – eventually, afterwards, later on.
  13. Caveat (noun) – warning, caution, condition.
  14. Heterogeneity (noun) – the state/quality of consisting of diverse elements.
  15. Consistently (adverb) – always, each time, invariably.
  16. Exposure (noun) – in medicine, the condition of being subjected to something (infectious agents & others).
  17. Jump out (phrasal verb) – be very notable/evident/marked/striking.
  18. Variability (noun) – lack of fixed pattern; variance, variableness, changeability.
  19. Inconsistency (noun) – incompatibility, difference, dissimilarity.
  20. Assay (noun) – a method for measuring the immunological activity of a sample.
  21. Elisa test (noun) – an immunological assay (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay-elisa) to detect antibodies that the body develops in response to infection by the sars-cov-2 novel coronavirus. Since it detects antibodies, even people who have remained symptom-free (asymptomatic) during the entire course of the infection will test positive. The test will detect igg antibodies present in blood samples. Elisa is routinely used for detecting hiv infection.
  22. Nucleocapsid (noun) – a viral protein coat that surrounds the genome (either dna or rna).
  23. Chemiluminescence (noun) -it is defined as light emitted as the result of a chemical reaction.
  24. Sensitivity (noun) – the ability of a test to correctly identify patients with a disease.
  25. Stratified (adjective) – arranged into strata/layers/levels.
  26. Account for (phrasal verb) – constitute, make up, comprise, form, represent.
  27. Underestimation (noun) – a rough calculation (that is too low).
  28. Cumulative (adjective) – total, collective, aggregate.
  29. The tip of the iceberg (phrase) – if something is the tip of the iceberg, it is a small part of a much larger issue. This phrase is being used while talking about a problem.
  30. Asymptomatic (adjective) – relating to a condition/person with no symptoms.
  31. Symptomatic (adjective) – relating to a condition/person with symptoms.
  32. Pre-symptomatic (adjective) – relating to a condition/person with mild illness/symptoms.
  33. Result in (phrasal verb) – cause, bring on, bring about.
  34. Respiratory (adjective) – relating to breathing.
  35. Outperform (verb) – surpass, outdo, outstrip, outmatch.
  36. Infrastructure (noun) – the basic physical or organisational structure for something (to function properly).
  37. Overwhelm (verb) – inundate, swamp, overrun, engulf, flood; overload, overburden, beset, afflict/strain.
  38. Ramp up (phrasal verb) – increase (in amount or number).

Source : The Hindu Newspaper || Editorial Link

Read : The Hindu Editorial Vocab (The cusp) – August 03, 2021

Read : The Hindu Editorial Vocab (Being Bommai) – August 03, 2021

The Hindu Editorial Vocab

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