The Hindu Vocab (Lead Article – The looking glass of history in Afghanistan) – August 09, 2021

  1. Durand line (noun) – a borderline between Afghanistan and Pakistan.
  2. Insightful (adjective) – wise, sensitive, profound, thoughtful.
  3. Consequence (noun) – outcome, ramification, repercussion.
  4. Back (verb) – support, endorse, advocate, promote, uphold.
  5. Unfazed (adjective) – unworried, untroubled, unconcerned.
  6. Posture (verb) – assume or have a particular attitude/position in order to impress/mislead.
  7. The wheels are turning (phrase) – things have begun developing/unfolding/progressing.
  8. Be/get bogged down (phrasal verb) – prevent, entangle, restrict/be stuck.
  9. Surge (noun) – sudden increase or rise of something; escalation.
  10. Quell (verb) – suppress, silence, repress; end, finish, stifle, thwart.
  11. Insurgency (noun) – uprising, revolt, rebellion.
  12. Destabilise (verb) – undermine, weaken, impair, damage, subvert, sabotage.
  13. Incalculable (adjective) – inestimable, indeterminable, immeasurable.
  14. Harbour (verb) – shelter, shield, protect.
  15. Deceit (noun) – duplicity, double-dealing, cheating.
  16. Mercurial (adjective) – unpredictable, volatile, erratic, inconsistent, irregular, capricious, temperamental, moody, fluctuating, variable, changeable.
  17. Thread (noun) – subject, subject matter, train of thought, direction.
  18. Take over (phrasal verb) – assume control of, take control of, gain control of, take charge of, take command of.
  19. Quest (noun) – pursuit, adventure, venture, undertaking.
  20. Futile (adjective) – pointless, useless, valueless.
  21. Bleeding (adjective) – burning, festering: (of a problem) becoming worse; becoming intense.
  22. Retreat (noun) – withdrawal, pulling back, back down, U-turn, exit.
  23. Leave behind (phrasal verb) – abandon.
  24. Seek (verb) – try, aim, attempt.
  25. Broadbased (adjective) – wide-ranging, comprehensive, all-inclusive, general.
  26. Cave in (phrasal verb) – give way, yield, surrender, submit, back down give in.
  27. Diplomat (noun) – ambassador, envoy, emissary, consul.
  28. Interim (adjective) – provisional, temporary, transitional.
  29. Successor (noun) – beneficiary, next-in-line, descendant.
  30. Pre-eminent (adjective) – important, foremost, prominent.
  31. Reminiscent (adjective) – similar to, comparable with, bearing comparison with.
  32. Accord (noun) – agreement, settlement, treaty, deal.
  33. Pave the way for (phrase) – clear the way for, make preparations for, put things in order for.
  34. Put in place (phrase) – establish, set up, create/form.
  35. Inclusive (adjective) – all-inclusive, comprehensive.
  36. Ethnicity (noun) – a category of people who identify with each other based on common language, ancestral, social, cultural, or national experiences.
  37. Stress (verb) – emphasize, draw attention to, focus attention on, underline, underscore, highlight.
  38. Heritage (noun) – tradition, history, background, past, culture.
  39. Reach out (phrasal verb) – contact someone to obtain/offer help/assistance/cooperation.
  40. Go along with (phrasal verb) – agree to, agree with, comply with, cooperate with.
  41. Advocate (verb) – recommend, prescribe, advise, support, uphold, subscribe to, champion.
  42. Exile (noun) – banishment, expulsion, deportation; a person who lives away from his/her native country.
  43. Outreach (noun) – the level of reaching out/activity/effort; involvement.
  44. Senate (noun) – the upper house or chamber in some bicameral legislative systems. (for example in the us).
  45. Pursue (verb) – engage in, participate in, take part in (an activity).
  46. Realpolitik (noun) – realistic and practical politics (German word).
  47. Averse (adjective) – opposed to, against, hostile to.
  48. Acknowledge (verb) – admit, accept, recognize, realize.
  49. Regressive (adjective) – retrograde, retrogressive.
  50. Dilemma (noun) – quandary, predicament, difficulty.
  51. Mirror (verb) – reflect, reproduce, imitate; follow.
  52. To an extent (phrase) – somewhat, partly.
  53. Protégé (noun) – follower, dependant, disciple, trainee.
  54. Keep at bay (phrase) – prevent someone/something from coming nearer.
  55. Fray (verb) – strain, overtax, irritate.
  56. Intra– (prefix) – within.
  57. Instability (noun) – uncertainty, unpredictability, precariousness.
  58. Set the stage for (phrase) – prepare the circumstances for the beginning of something.
  59. Internecine (adjective) – deadly, destructive, ruinous, fierce.
  60. Influence (verb) – affect, have an effect on, prompt.
  61. Fortune smiles on someone (phrase) – if fortune smiles on someone, that person is lucky and successful.
  62. Ostensibly (adverb) – in a way that something appears or is officially stated to be true/real, but it might not be; apparently, seemingly, allegedly, professedly, supposedly, purportedly.
  63. Besides (preposition/linking adverb) – in addition to, as well, apart from.
  64. Elite (noun) – high society people; the group of most powerful people in a society; best.
  65. At odds (phrase) – inconsistent, in conflict, in opposition, contrary to.
  66. Flux (noun) – instability, unsteadiness, unpredictability.
  67. Pragmatic (adjective) – practical, realistic, sensible, rational, reasonable.
  68. Notwithstanding (conjunction) – although, in spite of the fact that, despite the fact that, even though.
  69. Diplomatic (adjective) – (delicate & sensitive) consular, foreign-policy.
  70. Come to pass (phrase) – happen, occur, transpire, take place.

Source : The Hindu Newspaper || Editorial Link

Read : The Hindu Editorial Vocab (Golden arm) – August 09, 2021

Read : The Hindu Editorial Vocab (Tightrope walk) – August 09, 2021

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