The Hindu Vocab (Lead Article – Saudi Arabia, Iran and the possibilities of détente) – August 10, 2021

  1. Detente (noun) – restoration of harmony, agreement, compromise/understanding.
  2. Pronouncement (noun) – announcement, declaration, formal statement.
  3. Littoral (noun) – seashore, seaside, coastal region.
  4. Time span (noun) – a period of time.
  5. Converge (verb) – meet, intersect, come together, connect, coincide.
  6. Overlap (verb) – to have something in common.
  7. Prudence (noun) – cautiousness, carefulness, wariness, circumspection, good judgement.
  8. Wisdom (noun) – knowledge, shrewdness, astuteness, acumen, intelligence, insight.
  9. Betide (verb) – happen, occur, take place.
  10. Juncture (noun) – point in time, time/moment, stage.
  11. Peninsula (noun) – an area of land almost surrounded by water (on three sides) and one side attached to the mainland.
  12. Lay claim to (phrase) – claim to have rights to (something).
  13. Strait (noun) – a narrow sea passage (connecting two seas); channel, stretch of water.
  14. Pass through (phrasal verb) – go through, get through, traverse, pass over.
  15. Imperial (adjective) – monarchical, royal.
  16. Propel (verb) – spur, prompt, motivate.
  17. Step in (phrasal verb) – intervene, become involved, get involved.
  18. Guarantor (noun) – warrantor, surety; a person who provides a guarantee.
  19. Abortive (adjective) – failed/unsuccessful, undeveloped, incomplete.
  20. Flounder (verb) – struggle, stagger, stumble, falter.
  21. Obstinacy (noun) – inflexibility, uncooperativeness, stubbornness.
  22. Bilateral (adjective) – involving two groups or countries.
  23. Solidarity (noun) – unity, unanimity, harmony, cooperation.
  24. Brotherhood (noun) – society, group, union, alliance, community.
  25. Unrest (noun) – disruption, agitation, turmoil, disorder, chaos
  26. Put an end to (phrase) – stop, terminate, abolish.
  27. Consensus (noun) – an idea or opinion that is shared by all the people in a group.
  28. Monarchy (noun) – kingdom.
  29. Destabilise (verb) – undermine, weaken, impair, damage, subvert, sabotage.
  30. Wish away (phrasal verb) – to desire or hope that a problematic issue or situation will disappear without (you) doing anything about it.
  31. Revolutionary (adjective) – new, novel, creative, innovative, ingenious.
  32. Regime (noun) – government/system.
  33. Sheikhdom (noun) – a geographical area or a society ruled by a sheikh.
  34. Saner (adjective – comparative degree) – sensible/practical, advisable, responsible.
  35. Perception (noun) – understanding, thought, impression, feeling.
  36. Spell out (phrasal verb) – explain, make clear, elucidate/clarify.
  37. Summit (noun) – meeting, conference, conclave.
  38. Subsequent (adjective) – following, ensuing, succeeding, successive.
  39. Intervention (noun) – the process of intervening in something; involvement, interference.
  40. Push back (phrasal verb) – force back, repel, fight off; refuse, reject, prevent.
  41. Intoxicating (adjective) – rousing, stirring, stimulating, galvanizing.
  42. Blend (noun) – mix, combination, merging, compound.
  43. Radicalism (noun) – actions/beliefs that support thorough political or social reform.
  44. Set the world/region alight (phrase) – do something extraordinary/stunning.
  45. Coup (noun) – a sudden and violent regime change, seizure of power, (illegal) takeover of power.
  46. Souring (noun) – resentfulness; expression of resentment, disappointment, or anger.
  47. Interest (noun) – benefit, advantage, concern.
  48. Jettison (verb) – discard, dispose of, throw away, get rid of.
  49. Ties (noun) – association, relationship, bond, connection.
  50. Adversely (adverb) – unfavourably, disadvantageously, badly.
  51. Oval office (noun) – the office of the president of the United States.
  52. Qualitatively (adverb) – in relation to the qualities of something.
  53. Influence (verb) – affect, have an effect on.
  54. Calculus (noun) – calculation, estimation, reasoning.
  55. Ground forces (noun) – military forces (deployed on land).
  56. Fifth fleet (noun) – a numbered fleet of the United States navy. It has been responsible for naval forces in the Persian Gulf, red sea, Arabian sea, and parts of the Indian ocean since 1995.
  57. Fleet (noun) – a country’s navy; naval force.
  58. Sustainable (adjective) – acceptable, trustworthy, reliable, dependable.
  59. Subdue (verb) – conquer, defeat, vanquish, overpower, overcome.
  60. Houthis (rebels) (noun) – a decades-old resistance movement.
  61. Source of concern (phrase) – a cause of worry.
  62. Draw attention to (phrase) – to make someone notice something; emphasize, highlight, underscore; focus on.
  63. Context (noun) – circumstances, conditions, situation.
  64. Impart (verb) – give, lend, provide.
  65. Sectarian (adjective) – dogmatic, extreme, inflexible, fanatical.
  66. Orientation (noun) – attitude, inclination, direction, intention.
  67. Ingredient (noun) – element, part, component.
  68. Outlet (noun) – way out, exit, egress.
  69. Impinge on (verb) – influence, have an effect on.
  70. Exploit (verb) – take advantage of, make use of, utilize, capitalize on, benefit from.
  71. Hydrocarbon (noun) – it is an organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon which are the main components of petroleum and natural gas.
  72. Bring forth (phrase) – put forward, put up, proffer, present.

Source : The Hindu Newspaper || Editorial Link

Read : The Hindu Editorial Vocab (Code red) – August 10, 2021

Read : The Hindu Editorial Vocab (Road ahead from Gogra) – August 10, 2021

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