The Hindu Vocabulary (Lead Article – The prognosis for school reopenings) – 02 September, 2021

  1. Prognosis (noun) – forecast, prediction, projection.
  2. In-person (adjective) – relating to an event/class where people/student physically present together.
  3. Phased (adjective) – gradual, step-by-step, staggered; relating to something carried out/performed/pursued in stages; timed at intervals (of something as they don’t happen at the same time).
  4. In the midst of (phrase) – in the middle of.
  5. Divisive (adjective) – relating to something that causes arguments between people; disharmonious, discordant; in disagreement, differing, contradictory.
  6. Bias (noun) – tendency, inclination, leaning; interest, predisposition (towards/in one particular thing).
  7. Lead to (verb) – result in, cause, bring on.
  8. Modelling (noun) – the use of mathematical models to make calculations or predictions; (a simulation is the process of using a model to study the behaviour and performance of an actual or theoretical system).
  9. Finding (noun) – conclusion, result, deduction, inference.
  10. In camera (phrase) – in secret, in private, confidentially, behind closed doors, behind the scenes.
  11. Embed (verb) – incorporate, include.
  12. Account for (phrasal verb) – to give reasons/explanations for (an event, act, etc.).
  13. Pharmaceutical (adjective) – relating to aspects like preparation, dispensing, and effective utilization of medicinal drugs.
  14. Intervention (noun) – (in medicine) it is a treatment, procedure, or other action taken to prevent or treat disease, or improve health in other ways.
  15. Asymptomatic (adjective) – relating to a condition/person with no symptoms.
  16. Symptomatic (adjective) – relating to a condition/person with symptoms.
  17. Hospitalisation (noun) – the act of taking (or) admitting someone to (or) in hospital for treatment.
  18. Breach (verb) – break through, burst through (a defence).
  19. Seroprevalence (noun) – the number of persons in a population who test positive for a specific disease based on serology (blood serum) specimens.
  20. Ramp up (phrasal verb) – increase (in amount or number).
  21. Downswing (noun) – downturn, decline.
  22. In terms of (phrase) – with regard to, regarding/concerning, in connection with.
  23. Relatively (adverb) – comparatively, proportionately, somewhat, to a certain extent/degree.
  24. Immune (adjective) – resistant (from the effects of something).
  25. Correspond (verb) – correlate with, agree with, be in agreement with, be consistent with.
  26. In the absence of (phrase) – without, lacking, notwithstanding.
  27. Cushion (noun) – protection, buffer, shield, defence.
  28. Interpret (verb) – explain, elucidate, clarify, make clear; understand.
  29. Stress (verb) – emphasize, draw attention to, focus attention on, underline, underscore, highlight.
  30. Pick up (phrasal verb) – catch, contract, get, become infected with, become ill with.
  31. Keep out (phrasal verb) – exclude, deny access to, shut out.
  32. Vulnerable (adjective) – endangered, unsafe, unprotected, unguarded ill-protected; easily affected by, prone to, at risk of.
  33. Indeed (adverb) – in fact, actually, undeniably.
  34. Screen (verb) – check, test, examine (for the presence/absence of a disease).
  35. Potentially (adverb) – likely, possibly, probably.
  36. Consequence (noun) – outcome, ramification, repercussion.
  37. Disruption (noun) – disturbance, interruption, obstruction.
  38. Socialization (noun) – the process of interaction through which the (growing) individual learns the habits, attitudes, values and beliefs of the social group.
  39. Contract (verb) – catch, pick up, get (a disease), become infected with, become ill with.
  40. Given (preposition) – considering, taking into account, bearing in mind.
  41. Transition (verb) – undergo a process of change.
  42. Endemicity (noun) – the condition/state of being endemic.
  43. Endemic (adjective) – (of a disease) prevalent in or restricted to a particular location.
  44. Fraction (noun) – a small part/percentage of something.
  45. Wane (verb) – decrease, decline, diminish/dwindle gradually.
  46. Call for (phrasal verb) – require, publicly ask/necessitate, demand.
  47. Contact (tracing) (noun) – it is defined as the identification and follow-up of persons who may have come into contact with a person infected with the virus.
  48. Keep something in check (phrase) – control, curb, restrain, hold back, keep under control.
  49. Preset (adjective) – prearranged, pre-agreed, pre-established, pre-planned, pre-decided.
  50. Bound (noun) – limits, restrictions, limitations.
  51. Imperfect (adjective) – incomplete, abridged, not whole, not entire, partial, unfinished.
  52. Assumption (noun) – supposition, speculation, surmise/guess; conclusion, deduction, inference.
  53. Intuition (noun) – feeling, instinct.
  54. With respect to (phrase) – concerning, regarding, relating to, with reference to.
  55. Uptick (noun) – a small increase or upward trend.
  56. Sustain (verb) – continue, carry on, keep up, maintain, bolster up.

Source : The Hindu Newspaper

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Read : The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary (Fleeting cheer) 02 September, 2021

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