The Hindu Vocabulary (Lead Article – Reaching out to the ‘undesirables’) – 06 September, 2021

  1. Reach out (phrasal verb) – contact someone to obtain/offer help/assistance/cooperation.
  2. Black and white (phrase) – clear-cut, straightforward, definite, categorical, unequivocal.
  3. Shed (verb) – discard, get rid of, do away with, dispose of.
  4. By all accounts (phrase) – allegedly, apparently, seemingly, ostensibly.
  5. Diplomat (noun) – ambassador, envoy, emissary, consul.
  6. A foregone conclusion (phrase) – predictable result, predictable outcome, inevitability.
  7. Accord (verb) – give, grant, present.
  8. Chair (verb) – preside over, lead, control/direct.
  9. Emphasise (verb) – draw attention to, put stress on, underscore, highlight.
  10. Eventually (adverb) – in the end, finally, at last.
  11. In return for (phrase) – in exchange for, in consideration of; in response to.
  12. Abide by (verb) – conform to, adhere to, comply with.
  13. Norm (noun) – standard, convention, rules of conduct, guideline.
  14. Sheer (adjective) – complete, absolute, total.
  15. Perspective (noun) – way of thinking, interpretation, viewpoint, approach.
  16. Insurgent (noun) – guerrilla, extremist, militant, subversive.
  17. In particular (phrase) – particularly, specifically, especially.
  18. Morality (noun) – ethics, ethos, correctness, ethicality.
  19. Conduct (noun) – behaviour, way of behaving, performance.
  20. Rest on (phrasal verb) – be based on, depend on, be dependent on, rely on.
  21. Slippery slope (noun) – a series of actions that can’t be controlled over once it has begun and the series of actions are going to create a lot of problems.
  22. For instance (phrase) – as an example.
  23. Prescription (noun) – (authoritative) recommendation, method, measure.
  24. Devoid of (adjective) – without, lacking, deprived of.
  25. Notwithstanding (conjunction) – although, in spite of the fact that, despite the fact that, even though.
  26. Dictate (verb) – order about, boss about, control.
  27. Throw on (phrasal verb) – attack vigorously.
  28. Discredit (noun) – dishonour, disrepute, ill repute, loss of reputation, loss of respect, disgrace, shame, humiliation.
  29. Under-privileged (adjective) – disadvantaged, impoverished, poverty-stricken.
  30. Depict (verb) – characterize, describe, detail, relate, narrate, identify.
  31. In the pursuit of (phrase) – in order to achieve something; in the search for something.
  32. Win over (phrasal verb) – persuade, convince, induce, sway.
  33. Thereby (adverb) – as a result of that.
  34. Put differently (phrase) – express differently, put/express in other words.
  35. Stem from (phrasal verb) – originate from, arise/come from, emanate from.
  36. Patronise (verb) – foster, help, assist, support, encourage.
  37. Masquerade (verb) – pretend, impersonate, disguise (oneself as).
  38. Fall victim to (phrase) – suffer, be hurt, be damaged, be killed, succumb to, perish.
  39. Relativism (noun) – in relativism, standards of right and wrong are derived from social norms.
  40. Opprobrium (noun) – condemnation, harsh criticism, censure, castigation.
  41. Reprehensible (adjective) – objectionable, unjustifiable, wrong.
  42. Insurgency (noun) – uprising, revolt, rebellion.
  43. Condemn (verb) – censure, criticize, castigate, attack, denounce, reprimand, rebuke, reprove.
  44. Irrefutable (adjective) – indisputable, undeniable, unquestionable, incontrovertible; conclusive, definite, definitive, decisive, accomplished, certain.
  45. Indulge in (verb) – become involved in (an undesirable activity).
  46. Proxy (noun) – deputy, representative, substitute.
  47. Proxy war (noun) – it means war through a representative/agent.
  48. Dissuade (verb) – discourage, deter, prevent.
  49. Legitimacy (noun) – legality, validity, lawfulness.
  50. Sovereignty (noun) – sovereignty means the independent authority of the state, not being subject to the control of any other state or external power; independent authority/control, self-government, self-rule.
  51. Single out (verb) – distinguish, differentiate, separate out, set apart, set aside, put aside; select, pick out, choose, decide on.
  52. Culpability (noun) – guilt, blame/fault; responsibility.
  53. Entity (noun) – organization, body, institution, establishment.
  54. Socialisation (noun) – the process of interaction through which the (growing) individual learns the habits, attitudes, values and beliefs of the social group.
  55. Shunning (noun) – avoiding, evading, eschewing.
  56. Mainstream (adjective) – accepted, established, recognized.
  57. Mainstream (noun) – something (certain beliefs/ideas/activities) which are accepted or recognized by most people as normal or typical.
  58. Settlement (noun) – resolution, sorting out, solution, solving, bringing to an end, reconciliation.
  59. Normative (adjective) – relating to a standard/norm, particularly of behaviour.
  60. Outfit (noun) – group.
  61. Amenable (adjective) – manageable, responsive, easily handled.
  62. Socialise (verb) – interact, converse.
  63. Peer (noun) – equal, fellow.
  64. Suboptimal (adjective) – below the highest standard/level/quality.
  65. Sanctions (noun) – action taken, or an order given to force a country to obey international laws by limiting or stopping trade with that country, by not allowing economic aid for that country, etc; embargo, ban, prohibition, barrier, restriction.
  66. Nudge (verb) – push, prod, encourage, prompt.
  67. Decade (noun) – a period of ten years.
  68. Lead to (verb) – result in, cause, bring on.
  69. Consequence (noun) – outcome, ramification, repercussion.
  70. Diplomacy (noun) – international politics, foreign affairs, foreign policy; negotiations, discussions, talks, dialogue (related to international politics).
  71. After all (phrase) – most importantly, above all, beyond everything.
  72. As a matter of fact (phrase) – actually, in fact, really/truly.
  73. Sustained (adjective) – continuous, constant, steady, prolonged, persistent.
  74. Temper (verb) – moderate, tone down, mitigate, lighten, lessen, reduce.
  75. Quixotic (adjective) – idealistic, unrealistic, impractical.
  76. Notion (noun) – idea, belief, concept, opinion, view.
  77. Outreach (noun) – the level of reaching out/activity/effort; involvement.
  78. Critic (noun) – censurer, attacker, fault-finder.
  79. On the verge of (phrase) – on the brink of, on the edge of, at a crucial or critical point.
  80. Statehood (noun) – the condition of being an independent state.
  81. Bear in mind (phrase) – take into account, consider, heed.
  82. More so (phrase) – to a greater degree/extent.
  83. Amidst (preposition) – amid, in the middle of; during.
  84. Imperative (adjective) – vitally important, necessary, essential, crucial/critical.
  85. Carry out (phrasal verb) – conduct, perform, implement, execute, bring about.
  86. Time-tested (adjective) – established.
  87. Phenomenon (noun) – situation, occurrence, event, happening.

Source : The Hindu Newspaper

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