The Hindu Vocabulary (Lead Article – Do not surrender the peace in Afghanistan) – 08 September, 2021



  1. Seamy (adjective) – disreputable, shameful, low, unsavoury, unpleasant.
  2. Unspoken (adjective) – unstated, unexpressed, unmentioned.
  3. Consensus (noun) – an idea or opinion that is shared by all the people in a group.
  4. Act on/upon (phrasal verb) – comply with, act in accordance with, follow, go along with.
  5. Valley (noun) – a low area between hills or mountains typically with a river running through it. 
  6. Resistance (noun) – opposition, defiance, confrontation.
  7. Inclusive (adjective) – all-inclusive, including all the parties/groups involved in something.
  8. Cut off (phrasal verb) – discontinue, disconnect, interrupt, suspend, break off.
  9. Break down (phrasal verb) – fail, come to nothing, founder, fall through, be unsuccessful. 
  10. Assault (noun) – attack, offensive, onslaught.
  11. Weaponry (noun) – instruments of war, guns, weapons.
  12. In hiding (phrase) – in seclusion, in retreat.
  13. Redouble (verb) – make something more intense/stronger; to increase, strengthen, intensify something considerably.
  14. On the contrary (phrase) – conversely, just the opposite.
  15. Inaction (noun) – inactivity, negligence, disregard.
  16. Thus far (phrase) – until now, till date.
  17. Throw someone to the wolves (or) throw someone under the bus (phrase) – to betray someone (a friend/colleague) in order to gain a personal advantage
  18. Liberal (adjective) – progressive, forward-thinking, broad-minded, reformist.
  19. Orderly (adverb) – well organized, efficient, methodical, systematic, careful, meticulous.
  20. Sovereign (adjective) – effective, efficient, powerful, potent, efficacious.
  21. Hostility (noun) – opposition, conflict, resentment, enmity, aversion, antipathy.
  22. Indifference (noun) – unconcern about, apathy about, lack of interest in, disregard for.
  23. Pledge (verb) – vow, state, promise, swear, give one’s word, give an assurance, commit oneself.
  24. By and large (phrase) – largely, mostly, mainly, in general.
  25. Unfold (verb) – happen, occur, take place, transpire.
  26. In particular (phrase) – particularly, specifically, especially.
  27. Avert (verb) – prevent, stop, avoid.
  28. Avert one’s eyes (phrase) – look away, avoid, deflect, deter.
  29. Red line (noun) – boundary, limit (not to be violated).
  30. Sanctions (noun) – action taken, or an order given to force a country to obey international laws by limiting or stopping trade with that country, by not allowing economic aid for that country, etc; embargo, ban, prohibition, barrier, restriction.
  31. Push for (phrasal verb) – work for, support for, urge, promote, advocate, recommend, champion, espouse.
  32. Humanitarian (adjective) – compassionate, humane, socially concerned.
  33. Along with (phrase) – together with, accompanying.
  34. Cleric (noun as modifier) – a religious leader (of a Christian or Muslim religion).
  35. Yield (verb) – produce, give, provide, afford.
  36. Abide by (verb) – conform to, adhere to, comply with.
  37. Call on (phrasal verb) – appeal to, ask, urge.
  38. Warring (adjective) – opposing, conflicting, clashing, fighting.
  39. Ceasefire (noun) – a negotiated agreement that will be accompanied by other associated commitments to de-escalate the fighting; a temporary stoppage of war, truce, armistice.
  40. Cessation (noun) – termination, discontinuation, suspension.
  41. Meek (adjective) – submissive, yielding, unresisting, obedient, compliant.
  42. Soar (verb) – increase, rise rapidly.
  43. Intervene (verb) – involve oneself, get involved, step in.
  44. Decentralisation (noun) – the process of distributing or dispersing functions, powers, people or things away from a central location or authority.
  45. Reportedly (adverb) – supposedly, seemingly, apparently, professedly, ostensibly, purportedly.
  46. Interim (adverb) – meanwhile.
  47. Put paid to (phrase) – stop abruptly, forestall, thwart, frustrate.
  48. Sanctuary (noun) – safety, protection, shelter.
  49. Erstwhile (adjective) – old, previous, former, then.
  50. Restraint (noun) – restriction, limitation.
  51. Leverage (noun) – influence, power, authority, sway, control, say.
  52. De-freeze (verb) – allow (assets) from being used for a period of time.
  53. Foremost (adjective) – most important.
  54. Impress on (verb) – emphasize to, stress to, drive into.
  55. Accommodate (verb) – adjust, adapt, attune, get accustomed, come to accept.
  56. Recognition (noun) – acknowledgement, acceptance, admission; realization.
  57. Stabilisation (noun) – an act of making something more stable.
  58. Refugee (noun) – displaced person, asylum seeker, exile, deportee, stateless person, émigré.
  59. Not to mention (phrase) – in addition to, as well as, besides.
  60. Key (adjective) – crucial, critical, vital, important, significant.
  61. Channel (noun) – means, mechanism, method.
  62. Cosy up to (phrasal verb) – try to be friendly to someone, usually with the intention of getting some benefit.
  63. Influx (noun) – the arrival of a large number of people simultaneously.
  64. Moreover (adverb) – besides, furthermore, in addition.
  65. Direly (adverb) – urgently, desperately, pressingly, seriously.
  66. Accredited (adjective) – recognized, authorized.
  67. Kin (noun) – relatives, relations, family, connections.
  68. Hold fast (phrase) – believe in an idea/principle and follow it.
  69. Walk-in (noun) –  an assured victory.

Source : The Hindu Newspaper

Read Here : Editorial Link

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