The Hindu Vocabulary (Lead Article – The fall of Afghanistan, the fallout in West Asia) – 10 September, 2021



  1. Fallout (noun) – adverse results/consequence; after-effects, repercussions.
  2. Influence (noun) – power, authority, sway, control, leverage, weight.
  3. Beleaguered (adjective) – hard-pressed, troubled, suffering; under pressure, under stress.
  4. Resistance (noun) – opposition, defiance.
  5. Interim (adverb) – meanwhile.
  6. Descent (on) (noun) – an unexpected visit.
  7. Chord (noun) – rope, cord, string.
  8. Pursue (verb) – engage in, conduct, take part in, take up (an activity).
  9. Sanction (noun) – approval, permission, authorization.
  10. Protégé (noun) – follower, dependant, disciple, trainee.
  11. Long-standing (adjective) – deep-rooted, persistent, continuing (for a long time).
  12. Ties (noun) – association, relationship, bond, connection.
  13. Wielder (noun) – holder of power or influence.
  14. Affairs (noun) – matters, concerns, activities (of public interest).
  15. Antagonist (noun) – adversary, opponent, enemy, rival.
  16. Sheikhdom (noun) – a geographical area or a society ruled by a sheikh.
  17. Faction (noun) – group, section, division (within a larger group).
  18. Substantial (adjective) – considerable, significant, large.
  19. Departure (noun) – withdrawal, leaving, going away.
  20. Expanding (adjective) – growing.
  21. Besides (preposition/linking adverb) – in addition to, as well, apart from.
  22. Arena (noun) – sphere of action, sphere of activity.
  23. Influential (adjective) – powerful, dominant, strong; important.
  24. Reflect (verb) – indicate, show, display, demonstrate, disclose.
  25. Uncertainty (noun) – unpredictability, unreliability, riskiness/precariousness.
  26. Above all (phrase) – most importantly, primarily, essentially.
  27. Sanctuary (noun) – safety, protection, shelter.
  28. Extremist (noun) – fanatic, radical, militant, fundamentalist, hardliner, dogmatist.
  29. Swell (verb) – increase, expand, rise.
  30. Revert to (verb) – return, go back.
  31. Justifiably (adverb) – validly, legitimately, reasonably.
  32. Appal (verb) – shock, horrify, dismal/distress greatly.
  33. Coalition (noun) – alliance, partnership.
  34. Ideological (adjective) – relating to a system of ideas (ideology).
  35. Kinship (noun) – relationship, family.
  36. Moderate (adjective) – dispassionate, non-extreme, non-radical, equitable, impartial.
  37. Inclusive (adjective) – all-inclusive, including all the parties/groups involved in something.
  38. Administration (noun) – government, cabinet, ministry, regime, executive.
  39. Doctrinal (adjective) – relating to doctrine (a stated principle of government policy).
  40. Rival (noun) – competitor, opponent, contender.
  41. Interplay (noun) – interaction, interchange, teamwork, cooperation, compromise.
  42. Rivalry (noun) – opposition, conflict, discord; vying, competition, contention.
  43. Resonate (verb) – resound, reverberate; evoke some feelings/emotions.
  44. Hardliner (noun) – a group/a political party with people who support strict ideas and they are extreme & uncompromising.
  45. Reflective (adjective) – thoughtful.
  46. Viscerally (adverb) – full of strong emotions without any logic, not intellectual, instinctive, unreasoning.
  47. Hostile (adjective) – opposed, inimical, antagonistic; confrontational, belligerent, combative.
  48. Consideration (noun) – factor, issue, point, concern, aspect, facet, feature.
  49. Suspicion (noun) – misgiving, doubt/qualm, distrust, scepticism.
  50. Condemn (verb) – censure, criticize, castigate, attack, denounce, reprimand, rebuke, reprove.
  51. Valley (noun) – a low area between hills or mountains typically with a river running through it.  
  52. Outlook (noun) – prospects, expectations, hopes, likely improvement, lookout, future.
  53. Grapple with (verb) – tackle, confront, deal with, cope with.
  54. Withdrawal (noun) – retreat, departure, disengagement.
  55. Confront (verb) – challenge, square up to, oppose, resist, defy.
  56. Hawk (noun) – a person who supports an aggressive or warlike policy, (in external/foreign affairs).
  57. Concede (verb) – yield, give up, relinquish, cede; admit, acknowledge, accept, recognize.
  58. Aspiration (noun) – ambition, hope, goal.
  59. Regime (noun) – government.
  60. Likely (adverb) – probably, in all probability, presumably, doubtlessly.
  61. Confrontational (adjective) – hostile, argumentative, uncooperative, aggressive.
  62. Ambitious (adjective) – formidable, challenging, demanding.
  63. Comprehensive (adjective) – all-inclusive, broad-based; all-embracing, complete, thorough.
  64. Facilitator (noun) – a person/thing that encourages action and makes it easier.
  65. Guarantor (noun) – warrantor, surety; a person who provides a guarantee.
  66. Far-fetched (adjective) – unlikely, implausible, difficult to believe.
  67. Proposition (noun) – premise, concept/idea, statement.
  68. Blockade (noun) – barricade, barrier; obstacle/impediment.
  69. Overtures (noun) – suggestion, approach, proposal. 
  70. Hedge (noun) – safeguard, protection, shield.
  71. Set up (phrasal verb) – form, create, institute, establish.
  72. Germ (noun) – seed, start, beginning, commencement.
  73. Sow (verb) – cause, bring about, give rise to; evoke, instigate, provoke.
  74. Fertile ground (noun) – a condition which generates/produces a lot of something (opportunities, results etc,.).

Source : The Hindu Newspaper

Read Here : Editorial Link

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